Patient care

Stages of Bedsores
Risk Factors of Bedsores
Complications from Bedsores
Treatment of Bedsores
Prevention of Bedsores


A bedsore is rated in stages, depending on its devastation to the body.

Stage 1 Bedsore: Changes in skin temperature (warmth or coolness), tissue consistency (firm or boggy feel), and/or sensation (pain, itching). The ulcer appears as a defined area of persistent redness in lightly pigmented skin. In darker skin tones, the ulcer may appear with persistent red, blue, or purple hues. A Stage One bedsore is a warning to caregivers and/or family members, because bedsores develop quickly and progress rapidly. See a stage one bedsore

Stage 2 Bedsore: Partial thickness skin loss involving epidermis(top layer of skin), dermis, or both. At this stage the ulcer is superficial and looks like as an abrasion, blister, or shallow crater. Once a bedsore gets past this stage it becomes much harder to treat. See a stage two bedsore

Stage 3 Bedsore: Full thickness skin loss involving damage to, or death of, the subcutaneous tissue that may extend down to, but not through, underlying connective tissue (fascia). The wound will look like a fairly deep crater, black at its edges. Warning, a stage three bedsore is powerfully sad and visually disgusting

Stage 4 Bedsore: Full thickness skin loss with extensive destruction, tissue death, and/or damage to muscle, bone, or supporting structures (e.g., tendon, joint, capsule). They will look like a large, deep, open wound revealing bone and connective tissue. Warning, a stage four bedsore is extremely disturbing to see

If you have a loved one in a nursing home, hospital or other care facility, check that person's skin condition, weight and general care every time you visit. If you notice any sign of bedsores or neglect, alert the nursing staff and attending physician or nursing home director immediately. You and other family members are in the best position to monitor and assess a loved one's condition. Be persistent, because if the administration and staff are slow to respond your loved one could develop bedsores. Bedsores are a sign of neglect! If you have a loved one who is being neglect, contact York Law Corporation to act on your behalf today!

Copyright 2008. York Law Corporation